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About Tiger

The Panthers Tigris, as the magnificent tiger is known in formal scientific terms, is one of the largest of the wild cats to walk the surface of the earth. Its golden-red coat is characterized by bold black (or very dark brown) stripes, under which a strong, lithesome body is built for the hunt. The tiger's eyes have haunted and mesmerized mankind for millennia, as this elegant creature has stalked alongside the human settlements that have entered into its natural territory. The tiger is a mammal (that is, from the Mammalia class) and is placed within the Carnivore order. It comes from the Felidae family and the Panthera genus. Panthera is the name given to the Genus or group of the four big cats in the world that have the ability to roar with spine chilling effect, the tiger, lion, leopard, and Jaguar although technically tigers do not roar in the same way as lions and leopard do. The elegance, power and mysterious beauty of the tiger have intrigued human beings for countless generations. Their sheer aesthetic grandeur alone sets these majestic hunters apart. However, their physiology is not their only impressive feature. They are also renowned for their hunting abilities, their featuring in folklore and mythology, and their perceived value in the more traditional world of witchcraft's medicinal system.

Tigers History
Originally Tigers are from Siberia which is today known as Manchurian or Siberian Tigers. They comprise almost the entire northern area of Asia. This country is characterized by extensive mountain ranges, deep valleys and dense forests; the ideal habitat in which the tiger can escape the threat of man. Because of the relatively low temperatures, even in the summer months, the tigers in Siberia enjoy thicker, warmer coats than those in more temperate areas. In fact, the physical appearance of the tiger has much to do with the area in which it lives, as it needs to adapt to the different climatic conditions of its habitat.

Tigers, Panthera Tigris, are the biggest cats of all, and they're the only large cats with stripes. Most other members of the feline family are small, weighing 20 kg (44 lb) or less. Only lions and tigers reach weights of 225 kg (500 lb). Once, eight subspecies of tigers roamed the forests of Asia. Now there are only five. Bali, Javan, and Caspian tigers were driven to extinction in just the past 50 years.

The three main species of Tiger that are still roaming the earth; namely 1) the Sumatran Tiger, 2) the Manchurian or Siberian Tiger, and 3) the Bengal or Indian Tiger. Note that the white tiger and the black tiger are a result of a rare color morph, and they are not defined species. However, white tigers have only been known to occur within the Bengal species. Each species is differentiated based on its size, color and markings.

Irrespective of the culture or language, the tiger is considered as the undisputed ruler of its domain and it has had a profound influence on village life in Asia over the centuries. In popular belief the tiger is the oldest resident of the jungle, living there long before humans came. People working in their gardens or in the forest do not dare to call the big cat by its common names. Instead they use respectful titles like 'grandfather/grandmother in-the forest,' 'old man of the forest,' 'general' or 'king of the forest.'

The tiger is variously feared, respected, admired and distrusted depending on the context. The popular beliefs swing between its power to help or harm, save or destroy; although, in Sumatra at least the final analysis is that the tiger is thought of as a good and just animal and a friend rather than a foe, who can be called on in times of illness or difficulty. The origin of the tiger traces back some fifty million years, long before anything recognizable. Our understanding on the emergence of the tigers are depends on the provided by Fossils. The first true carnivores were called as miacids, which crept around in the treetops and were appeared before fifty million years. The Pseudaelurines was a group of cats that first appear in the fossil record about twenty million years ago are assumed as a direct ancestor of today’s thirty seven species of cats, including the tiger.

Tigers Mating
It was difficult to study the tiger's life in their natural environment, but after the establishment of protected reserves it became much easier to about their life style. Female tigers first come into season at around 2 1/2 years of age but Females reach sexual maturity around 3 to 4 years of age and males mature at about 4 to 5 years. In tropical climates, they are usually pregnant or rearing cubs, for the following 15 years. Copulation may take place before sexual maturity, though pregnancy is extremely unlikely. Though mating seems to be more frequent during the coolest months (November to April). In temperate regions, she enters oestrus and mate only during the winter months.

A female will enter oestrus, or 'heat', either seasonally -- if it is a temperate climate -- or throughout the year in more tropical areas. Oestrus is the time when a female is receptive and able to become pregnant. She will signal her readiness for breeding in various ways, including roaring, moaning and scent marking with distinctive-smelling urine, mixed with a secretion from the anal gland. Vocalizations can be persistent and one female was recorded as roaring 69 times in only 15 minutes. Approaching males sometimes reply. The female will continue her efforts until a male is attracted, or oestrus is over. As wild tiger numbers become fewer, increasingly there are times when a mate is not found.

The time between episodes of oestrus varies considerably. In zoo tigers gaps of between 13 and 61 days have been recorded. The interval between the last litter and the next oestrus also varies from tigress to tigress. Records taken from captive cats showed a range from 75 to 592 days. These figures may actually be much wider as the sampling of cats for this survey was very small. When a tigress comes in contact with another male, she is cautious as the tiger is much larger. Normally a tiger will make a purring sound when the tigress moves closer indicating his interest in mating. They may take few hours to up to a day to develop mutual confidence. Once she develops confidence, then she will roll over her back in a playful manner. When they are in a playful mood, you can see their tails moving left to right with spring in their steps, rubbing of face and body etc. Once mating starts, then it happens at frequent intervals with about 20 times a day. Studies with captive tigers have shown that frequency is more and can go up to 52 times.

Tigress Gestation Period
The gestation period for tigers is 100 days, but ranges from 93 to 111 days. After this time she will give birth to a litter of between 1 and 7 blind cubs, the norm being 2 to 4. In two extreme cases 7 cubs were recorded as being born in captivity, while a tigress was sighted in the wild with 5 cubs, all of similar age; these may well be record births.

Tiger Cubs
The cubs will be born in an area of heavy cover; this may be a cave, long grass, thick bushes, an overhanging rock, or a hollow log. Anywhere that won't flood, provides protection, shelter and a good degree of concealment will suit the purpose. When the cubs are born, the female is alone; the father usually has nothing to do with the birth or rearing of his cubs. The cubs are born with their eyes closed and are, therefore, blind. They are totally dependent on their mother for their every need. Their eyes will open within between six and 12 days from birth. They weigh between 780 and 1 600 grams. After the tiger cubs are born, the mother tiger will eat the umbilical cord, placenta and embryonic sac. She cleans each cub by licking it with her rough tongue. The cubs then search for a teat in order to nurse, which is no easy feat since they can't see! This can take up to four hours, and because the mother tiger does not assist her cubs in locating a teat, sometimes cubs starve to death. In captivity, tiger keepers often lead the cub to a teat so it can begin nursing. Though a female tiger gives birth to two to seven cubs in a litter, usually not all of the cubs survive. Often, the mother tiger cannot find enough food to feed her and all of the cubs. Because of this, usually only two of the cubs in the litter survive to adulthood. The cubs nurse with their mother until they are about 24 weeks old. At that point, the mother tiger begins to bring the cubs prey to eat such as buffalo, wild pigs, deer or other animals. The cubs cannot hunt on their own until they are approximately one and a half years old.

Tiger Senses
Tigers live in environments that can sometimes be rather harsh and are completely independent. This means that their very survival depends on their own efforts, skills and sensory perception; with no assistance from a pack. They are accomplished hunters, and their bodies are designed and built for the kill. Their senses are crucial to their success and, indeed, life. Like most mammals, tigers have five main senses:
Hearing:Tigers need to have acute hearing so that they are able to detect potential prey in the bushes and grasses around them. Many times, this foliage is dense, concealing the animal visually. Therefore, the tigers hearing must be fine-tuned in order not to miss an important opportunity to get food. This is the most acute of all the tiger senses.
SightThe eyesight of the tiger is exceptionally good, particularly at night. The eye has been designed to see very well in the dark. In normal daylight, the tiger sees about as well as we do, but without the detail that we can enjoy. At night, though, their vision is about six times better than that of a human being. They can also judge distances, which is essential to their success in hunting, since they need to pounce on unsuspecting prey with accuracy and agility.
Smell:Tigers use this helpful sense when they are interacting with other tigers, and not so much in hunting. Tigers use personal scents to mark their territory. Other tigers will be eager to smell the scent of their peers. Females use their scents to mark specific territories to let males know that they are ready to mate.
Taste: Although the sense of taste in a tiger is not that sophisticated, it has been established that they are probably able to taste acidic as well as sweet flavors. Tigers (and other cats in general) have only a fraction of the number of taste buds that we, as human beings, enjoy. This lack of complex tasting mechanisms accounts for the fact that tigers do not refuse to eat food that has become rotten.
Touch: Tigers use their well-developed sense of touch for several purposes. These include rubbing against one another (as in courting couples or family members) and for mothers to maintain personal contact with their cubs. However, using their very sensitive whiskers is another extremely important facet of their tactile sensory perception. These assist in navigation in the dark and detecting danger. When attacking their prey, the whiskers help the tiger to sense where the best place to bite the victim would be for an effective, quick kill.
These finely tuned senses demonstrate that, in addition to brute force and ferociousness, the tiger is also equipped with sophisticated means of living, hunting and procreating.

Tiger Characteristics
The tiger is a powerful and colorful species of big cat. They are native to isolated areas of Asia and east Russia. A tiger is solitary in nature, marking out its territory and defending it from other tigers. In order for it to survive and thrive in its own habitat, the tiger has powerful physical features. From razor-sharp teeth to muscular legs, he can catch prey and put up a fight from potential poachers. Tigers can cover 13 feet in a single bound when they are running at full speed and can leap 23 feet. Their huge size and the immense amount of energy needed to move their bodies restrict them to one or two bounding leaps. Tigers have very good vision. They can hunt almost equally well during the day and at night. They also have good hearing. They rely on sight, hearing and smell to locate prey. Tigers have paw pads that are soft and particularly sensitive to heat. This prevents them from running through thorny underbrush and particularly hot sand. Tigers sharpen their claws by scrapping them on trees. They stand on their hind legs and raking them downwards in the bark. Their sand-paper-like tongues are rough enough to tear way human skin with a couple of licks. Tigers are regarded as the strongest and most dangerous of all cats. They can knock down animals four times their size and have the largest canine teeth or any terrestrial carnivore. The jaws of a tiger are powerful enough to crush the backbone of prey and gentle enough to lift a tiger cub and carry it from a den to a hiding place.
Size: An adult tiger can grow as long as 13 feet (4m) and weigh up to 650 pounds (296kgs). The females are usually smaller than the males. The size of a tiger depends on the subspecies and the geographical location of its habitat. The northern subspecies tend to be larger than those in the south. The male adult Bengal tiger found in northern India can weigh up to 480 pounds (218kgs) and measure just less than 11 feet (3.4m). On the other hand, the Sumatran tiger who’s native to the Indonesian island of Sumatra can weigh up to 265 pounds (120kgs) and measures 8 feet (2.5m).
Hair: Tigers have hair all over their body to insulate, protect and camouflage themselves in their habitat. They have two types of hair--guard hair and under fur. The guard hair is long in length and protects the skin. The under fur is shorter and traps air in order to insulate. The color of the hair provides camouflage. There’s also a distinct dark striping pattern on its hair and skin. Each tiger has its own individual pattern. They are usually light orange to reddish in color. Some tigers whose both parents have a mutated gene can be white in color with brown stripes.
Tail: An adult tiger’s tail can grow up to 3.3 feet (1m) in length. It also uses its tail to communicate. If he is relaxed, then the tail hangs loosely. If he is feeling aggressive, he’ll move the tail quickly from side to side. Alternatively, he’ll hold it low and twitch it every once in a while.
Teeth & Jaw: The tiger uses his powerful jaw to trap and kill prey. Each tiger has approximately 30 razor-sharp teeth in its mouth. Tigers have the largest canines of all big cat species. The canines can grow up to 3 inches (7.6cm) in length and are used to sever the prey’s neck. Back teeth are used to shear meat off the prey’s bone. The small, front incisors pick small pieces of meat and feathers from prey. The older the tiger, the more worn down the teeth get. In the wild if a tiger’s teeth are too worn down and become useless, he could die from starvation.
Legs & Claws: Thanks to a muscular pair of legs, the tiger is a fast predator. Five sharp claws on each foot are a vital weapon against any prey or threat to the tiger. The tiger scratches its claws against trees to sharpen them. A sheath covers them when they aren’t needed. The claws allow a tiger to climb and grasp things. A male's paws are larger than that of a female tiger.
Eight-sight: The tiger has good survival skills with strong eyesight. It has large pupils and lenses, which allows it to see clearly in the daytime. During the night time, the tiger can see six times more clearly than humans. This is why it will often hunt for prey at night.

Distribution & Habitat
Tigers have a very small habitat and distribution today compared to what they once did. They used to roam in the locations of Asia including Siberia, Indonesian Islands, Sumatra, Bali, and Caucasus. Sadly, their populations have dropped dramatically and they are limited to only small areas of Asia today. They are found living in areas around India, Asia, and the Western part of China. They are also found in the Eastern area of Siberia around the Amur River. The largest population in the wild is found in Sumatra.

The tigers that once lived in the Island of Bali were all gone in the 1940s. By the 1970s those around the Caspian Sea were gone. In the 1980s they were no longer found around Java. The loss of the forest area where the tigers were able to roam and to survive have been taken down at an alarming rate in many areas. The combination of hunting for them and the fact that they can’t find enough food has dropped their numbers substantially.

There have been fossil remains of tigers found around the Philippines, Borneo, and Palawan. It is believed that they date to the late Pleistocene and the Holocene periods. Tigers need to live in locations that offer them access to water. That is because they will be able to find prey where there is water. When there is no water, the herds of animals have no choice but to move on. Birds often stop for water too because they can find food, and thus become prey to the tigers. The habitat though can be very different based on the type of tiger. They seem to be able to adapt to a variety of environments. For example, the Bengal Tiger lives in the wet forest regions as well as the semi evergreen locations. They can also live in thorny forest areas. They tend to stick to vegetation areas that are thicker than those of the lion. They are native to the Indian subcontinent.

The Amur Tiger is found mostly in the area of Manchuria which is close to the Amur River. Around South Central China is where you will find the South Chinese Tiger. The Southeast of China is where you will find the Indo-Chinese Tiger. Around Indonesia is the home of the Sumatran Tiger.

Tigers have been known to thrive in grassland, the savannahs, rocky locations, and the forests. They continue to move in order to find food and to do what they can to thrive when their natural habitat is destroyed. What is also very interesting is that they are able to live in areas that vary significantly in terms of the climate. They can live in locations of extreme climate means that are very hot as well as those that are very cold. Some of them can live in the higher elevations too. In order for tigers to survive those does need some type of vegetation to offer them cover to sneak up on their prey. They also need enough food and of course water to draw the prey to them as previously mentioned.

Bengal tigers and white Bengal tigers are on the endangered species list. Only about 4,000 Bengal tigers remain in the world, and only 1850 are wild. The rest live in zoos or on reserves. Only 200 white Bengal tigers remain in the world, and all of them are in captivity. To the right is an estimate of the appropriation of Bengal tigers done by the Wildlife Conservation Society in 1995. At that point, the estimated total Bengal tiger population was 5,000. Lets check the available data of year 2014 which reflects tiger population distribution in India.

2006 2010 2017
Uttarakhand 178 227 340
Uttar Pradesh 109 118 117
Bihar 10 08 28
Region: Shivalik Gangetic Plains Total 297 353 485
Andhra Pradesh+Telangana 95 72 68
Chattisgarh 26 26 46
Madhya Pradesh 300 257 308
Maharashtra 103 169 190
Odisha 45 32 28
Rajasthan 32 36 45
Jharkhand - 10 3+
Region:Central Indian & Eastern Ghat Landscapes Total 601 601 688
Karnataka 290 300 406
Kerala 46 71 136
Tamil Nadu 76 163 229
Goa - - 5
Region: Western Ghats Total 402 534 776
Assam 70 143 167
Arunachal Pradesh 14 - 28
Mizoram 6 5 3+
Nothern West Bengal 10 - 3
Region: North East Hills & Brahmaputra Total 100 148 201
Region: Sunderbans Total - 70 76
Overall Total 1411 1706 2226

Family Life
Tiger cubs are so cute to see, but don't get too close because Tigress moms are very protective to their babies. If you look him you can feel that they are saying "Back away from my babies!"
Bonding with mother: Tiger moms are fierce protectors of their young. Tigress mom began protecting her cubs before they were even born. When it got close to the time she would give birth, they began hunting for a safe place to use for a den. It needed to be someplace where she could find lots of prey. And it needed to be near water. The rocky cave was just the spot. For the next month after the cubs were born, the family stayed in the cave. Mom nursed her babies most of the day and kept them clean by bathing them with her big, pink tongue. The cubs were born with their eyes closed. But after a few weeks their eyes had opened and they could see clearly. Now that the cubs are old enough to come out of the den, new adventures lie ahead! After the month they spent in the dim den, cubs enjoy hanging out with mom in the sunshine just outside the cave's entrance. Their days still include lots of tongue baths and nursing. But by now the cubs are more active and sleep less than they did when they were younger. That leaves time for the curious cubs to do some exploring—even a chance for little cubs to climb the outside wall of the cave! When cubs are about two months old, tigress begins taking them on short trips away from the den. The cubs stay close to mom on these trips, scampering to keep up with her. Afterward, they always return to their cave. Tigress mom keeps close to watch over her cubs, ready to fiercely protect them if need be. If she ever feels that her cubs may be unsafe, she will move them to a different den. Small cubs face a lot of dangers. Predators such as leopards or wild dogs may attack them. A bigger danger is male tigers which will kill any unrelated tiger cubs they find. Sometimes people hunt them illegally. And cubs can also die in forest fires. Even though it could be dangerous for the cubs, tigress has no choice but to leave them sometimes to go hunting. When she does, the cubs stay safely hidden in the cave. To make enough milk for her cubs, Tigress needs to catch and eat a large animal about every five days. The tigress is not just playing with her cubs; she is also teaching them the skill of pouncing, which they will use later, when they begin hunting. The cubs are also fond of climbing trees. But by about 15 months of age, they have become too bulky and heavy to climb them easily. It is also life cycle of a tiger.
Role of Father: many believed that the mother tiger brought up her cubs alone and that the male would kill the cubs if given the chance. With most tigers, however, this is not the case. The father tiger does disappear into the jungle for long periods, ranging through his territory of over 20 square miles [50 sq km]. But he also visits his family. When he does, he may join the tigress and the cubs in hunting, even sharing the kill with them. The more aggressive male cub may take his turn to eat first. If he greedily keeps his sisters away too long, though, his mother nudges him or even swats him with her paw to allow the female cubs to get their fair share of the feast. The cubs enjoy playing with their huge father. A favorite place for this is in the nearby water hole. The father tiger eases himself backward into the water until he is submerged up to his head. (Tigers do not like water splashing in their eyes!) He then allows his cubs to nuzzle him as he licks their faces. Clearly tigers have a strong family bond.

Tiger Tourism in India
Tiger Tourism in India is much talked topic an there were some discussions that Tiger Tourism will be banned in India. India has maximum number of Tigers in the world and hence it attracts a lot of tourists from various parts of the world. This Photo Journey shares some facts about Tiger Tourism in India and how various wildlife stakeholders think about it. Since Tiger count was decreasing in the past, Indian court had given a judgment to stop tourism in core Tiger reserves and folks responded to this judgment very differently. Statistics show that National parks which are most frequently visited by Tourists have high count of Tigers over a period of time. And Tigers have disappeared from regions where there was hardly any tourism. Recently I met a Wildlife Conservation officer and he had the same opinion that many of the things in our country are preserved only because of Tourism - be it the Heritage like Taj Mahal, or Wildlife. Some of the popular Tiger Reserves in India are - Corbett in Uttrakhand; Ranthambore in Rajasthan; Kanha, Bandhavgarh & Panna in Madhya Pradesh, Kaziranga in Assam, Meighat in Maharashtra; Bandipur in Karnataka; Periyar in Kerala; Nagarajunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh. There are approximately 40 tiger reserves in India. Tiger reserves are set up throughout India to provide a protected environment for animals still in the wild. Madhya Pradesh has one of the best tourism eco system because of 6 tiger reserves in the state. Tourism is still on in all of the Wildlife National Parks across the country and encouraging for conservation of Wildlife, especially Tigers.

Threats to Tiger
Over the course of a century, the tiger has lost 97% of its population. The main threats to the tiger are hunting, poaching, habitat loss, deforestation and a shortage of its prey. We undertake practical work out in the field for the protection and conservation of the species. Tiger hunting is now prohibited in all countries where the feline lives. Nonetheless, poaching remains one of the main causes of the specie’s decline. To fight against this scourge in Bangladesh, our partner, patrolling party carries out surveillance patrols by boat in the Sundarbans region. The largest tiger population lives in India, but they are also found in Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Russia, and Thailand. With their habitat shrinking, tigers find themselves living close to humans who lead to more tiger attacks on domestic livestock and humans, increasing human conflict. Because of the fragmented small areas of habitat left, their prey base is shrinking, they face breeding problems and they become easier targets for poachers. Poaching is the most serious threat to tigers. Every part of the tiger is traded in illegal wildlife markets. Parts of just one tiger can fetch up to $50,000 on the black markets. Body parts are often used in traditional Asian medicine and their pelts are viewed as status symbols. It’s a vicious cycle: as more tigers are poached, more parts end up on the black market, which creates and increases demand, which in turn increases poaching. According to the wildlife trade network, TRAFFIC, about 1,000 tigers have been killed in the past 10 years for illegal trade to meet consumer demand in Asia.

Tiger Conservation
Tigers are a precious commodity today, as their very delicate population continues to diminish as a result of habitat loss, poaching and other human-related factors. While tigers are generally found throughout Southeast Asia and China, India remains the most prolific home of these magnificent animals, and boasts the highest population numbers thereof. In India, one of the main tiger protection initiatives is called Project Tiger. This initiative was started in 1973 by Indira Gandhi and has, to date, established more than 25 tiger reserves throughout the country. In order to protect these animals as much as possible, these reserves have been established on reclaimed land, where human development and inhabitation is forbidden. As a result of this programme and its efforts, the population of Bengal Tigers had increased from about 1 200 in 1973 to an impressive 3 500+ in 2007. Although poaching remains a huge threat, and thousands of tigers have been killed as a result, these conservation and protection efforts cannot be ignored. Sadly, though, about 60% of the tigers alive in the census of 2007 have been slaughtered at the hands of illegal hunters. The main aim of Project Tiger has been to aid and facilitate the breeding of tigers within a safe environment and then transport these tigers further afield so that the world’s population can be upped. Project Tiger has also established the Tiger Protection Force with the aim of catching poachers and stopping the killing. This initiative has been instrumental in relocating about 200 000 villagers in the rural areas so that they are no longer living within the natural habitat of the tigers. This reduces the risk of tiger attacks on humans (which often leads to the killing of the tiger for the safety of the villagers). Project Tiger is under the administration of the National Tiger Conservation Authority; which is, in turn, under the umbrella of a Steering Committee. By using wireless communication devices, the incidents of successful poaching attempts have been decreased dramatically. In addition, Project Tiger undertakes various initiatives to improve the quality and quantity of the vegetations so that tigers and their prey have sufficient food and shelter. Project Tiger is required to gather an enormous amount of information in order to accomplish its task effectively. It is currently in the process of putting together a map of India pertaining only to its tiger populations. But this requires plenty of research, data validation and ongoing maintenance. Of course, this requires funds and expertise.

Tigers in Ranthambore
Ranthambore National Park is in Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan state. Located at the junction of the Aravalli and Vindhya hill range, this is one of the finest places to view animals, especially as they are used to being stared at here. The park covers an area of Approximately 400 sq Km and if combined it with the area of Sawai Man Singh sanctuary area, it is around 500 Sq km.

Ranthambore national park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1957 and in 1974 it gained the protection of "Project Tiger". It got its status of a National Park in 1981.During the past few years; there has been a decline in the tiger population in Ranthambore due to poaching and other reasons. The tigers of Ranthambhor are world famous. The tigress named Machli, due to her mark on body, is 17 years old and the oldest tigress of the world. Machli’s daughter T-19(Krishna) is the current queen tigress of Ranthambore. Machli died on 18 August 2016 at the age 20 years. She became highest living tigress in wild environment recorded till date. Broken Tail was given international publicity in a film made about his life. He left the park area and traveled from Ranthambore to Darra, where he was killed by a train while crossing the railway tracks. The documentary film called Broken Tail features his last journey and has been shown worldwide on many TV channels, including BBC, PBS, CBC, and RTÉ among others, and won the top awards at two of the world's most prestigious wildlife film festivals. According to the 2014 census of tigers, there were 62 tigers in Ranthambore National Park. The number of tigers was 48 in 2013 and 25 in 2005. Due to the recent increase in the number of tigers, the park is planning to transfer a few to other parks, such as Sariska and others.


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